NESA Faculty are known experts in their fields, and are often sought by media outlets for their views. Interviews with our subject matter experts, who include current and former high-level government leaders such as ambassadors, ministers, as well as field- and flag grade military officers and leading academics, must be scheduled by contacting NESA Public Affairs at firstname.lastname@example.org or 202-685-9467.
Find out more about faculty members, including their biography, publications, and areas of specialization.
Hassan Abbas is Distinguished Professor of International Relations at the Near East South Asia Strategic Studies Centre (NESA), National Defense University in Washington DC. He serves as a senior advisor at Project on Shi’ism and Global Affairs at Harvard University’s Weatherhead Center for International Affairs and a senior fellow at the Centre of Global Policy, a think tank focusing on intersection of U.S. foreign policy and Muslim geopolitics. His current research work focuses on building narratives for countering political and religious extremism & rule of law reforms in developing states.
Earlier he served as professor and department chair at National Defense University’s College of International Security Affairs (2011-2019) and as the Distinguished Quaid i Azam Professor at Columbia University (2009-2011). He held various fellowships including at Harvard Law School’s Islamic Legal Studies Program & Program on Negotiation (2002-04); the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government (2005-09); Asia Society in New York as Bernard Schwartz fellow (2009-2011); and as a Carnegie fellow at the New America Foundation (2016-2018).
He appeared on various television news shows on CNN, Fox News, The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, the Newshour with Jim Lehrer, Charlie Rose Show, MSNBC (Abrams Report and Hardball), C-Span (Washington Journal) and various programs on CBS, and NBC as an analyst on security related issues in South Asia and Middle East. He has been interviewed for many news stories and analyses for the New York Times, The Washington Post, Boston Globe, Los Angeles Times, and Guardian, etc.
Select Keynote Lectures, Congressional Testimonies and Conference Presentations:
Testified in the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom Hearing at the U.S. Congress on Protecting Houses of Worship and Holy Sites, October 23, 2019: https://www.uscirf.gov/sites/default/files/Hassan%20Abbas-%20NDU_0.pdf
Keynote Speaker in the University of Kufa, Iraq discussing the tragedy of Karbala and lessons on how to defeat sectarianism, October 6, 2019.
Keynote Speaker at Army Navy Club in Washington D.C. discussing “Nuclear Proliferation and Dangers posed by India-Pakistan Rivalry,” – Feb 26, 2019.
Designed and led 3-day workshops on “Human Trafficking Challenges in South Asia” in Islamabad and Lahore, Pakistan for American Institute of Pakistan Studies and the U.S. Embassy in Pakistan – Dec 17-23, 2018.
Speaker at NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence in Riga, Latvia discussing Islamist radicalization trends and how to build counter narratives – July 6, 2017.
Keynote Speaker at a conference organized by Joint Special Operations University, organized in cooperation with CANSOFCOM and SOCNORTH in Tampa, Florida presenting on “Countering Transregional Terrorism”, June 13, 2017.
Keynote talk at the Centre for Strategic Studies, Baku, Azerbaijan on “Iran vs. Saudi Arabia: Sectarianism, Power Politics & Proxy Wars,” Nov 21, 2016.
Keynote speaker at the annual conference of International Police Association in Macau & Beijing, China talking about “Counter-narrative to religious extremism and global counterterrorism cooperation,” April 9, 2016.
Testified before House Foreign Relations Committee hearing on “Women fighting for Peace: Lessons for Today’s Conflicts,” March 22, 2016; https://docs.house.gov/meetings/FA/FA00/20160322/104721/HHRG-114-FA00-Wstate-AbbasH-20160322.pdf
Panelist at the plenary session of the centenary conference of the International Association of Women Police in Cardiff, UK to deliberate on the role of women and countering violent extremism in Muslim states, especially Pakistan, August 26, 2015.
Speaker at the New America Foundation Conference on ‘Future of War’ focusing on ‘What ISIS means for the future of War?’, February 25, 2015.
Keynote speaker delivering Mazzocco Memorial lecture on ‘The Idea of Justice in Islam: Traditional and Contemporary Debates within Islamic Communities’ at the University of Portland, Oregon, February 2, 2015.
Speaker at the Istanbul World Political Forum focusing on ‘Global Peace through civilian law enforcement model’, in Istanbul, Turkey, June 27, 2013.
- Security, Religion & Politics in South Asia & Middle East
- Rule of Law & Policing in Developing States
- Building Narratives for Preventing & Countering & Violent Extremism
- Pakistan’s Nuclear Bomb: A Story of Defiance, Deterrence and Deviance, published in 2018 by Oxford University Press in North America, Hurst Publishers, in Europe and Penguin in South Asia.
- The Taliban Revival: Violence and Extremism in Pakistan – Afghanistan Frontier published in 2015 by Yale University Press.
- Editor, Pakistan’s Troubled Frontier published in 2009 by Jamestown Foundation, Washington D.C.
- Pakistan’s Drift into Extremism: Allah the Army and America War on Terror was published by M. E. Sharpe in 2005, republished in 2012 by Routledge.
- Poleaxe or Politics of the Eighth Amendment 1985-97 published in 1998 by Watandost Press in Pakistan..
Monographs, Papers & Reports:
- “Confronting Extremism Through Building an Effective Counter-Narrative: The Role of Political Parties and Law Enforcement Agencies in Pakistan,” Development Advocate, UNDP, Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2016.
- “ISIS Eyes Influence in Pakistan: Focus, Fears and Future Prospects”, Jinnah Institute Policy Brief, December 23, 2014.
- Editor, ‘Stabilizing Pakistan through Police Reforms,’ a publication by the Asia Society Independent Commission on Pakistan Police Reform, July 2012.
- “Shiism and Sectarian Conflict in Pakistan: Identity Politics, Iranian Influence, and Tit-for-Tat Violence.” Monograph, Combating Terrorism Center, WestPoint, N.Y., September 2010.
- “Pakistan 2020: A Vision for Building a Better Future”, Asia Society Study Group Report, May 2011.
- “Reforming Police and Law Enforcement Infrastructure in Pakistan”, USIP Report, February 2011.
- “Will Pakistan Cooperate with Trump?,” Centre for Global Policy, July 21, 2019.
- “Iraqis hate our policy of containing ISIS,” Tom Rick’s Best Defense Blog on Foreign Policy, November 18, 2015.
- “Inside the World of ISIS – The Arab Taliban”, Yale Press Blog, December 11, 2014.
- “Are Drone Strikes Killing Terrorists or Creating Them?” The Atlantic, March 31, 2013.
- “Will Democracy be Derailed in Pakistan? ” CNN, January 15, 2013.
- “What Post-Osama Pakistan Really Needs: Police Reforms” – Asia Society, May 2, 2012.
- “History Lessons From Karbala” – Foreign Policy, December 11, 2011.
- “The Future of Al-Qaeda”, co-authored with Tariq Parvez (former chief of Pakistan’s Counterterrorism Authority), Foreign Policy, June 6, 2011.
- Interview by Bernard Gwertzman: “A Low in Cycle of U.S.-Pakistan Ties”, Council on Foreign Relations, May 23, 2011.
- Interview: “Engaging the Muslim World. A Conversation with Hassan Abbas”, Fletcher Forum, Vol. 34:2, Summer 2010.
- “Tete a Tete with Hillary Clinton”, Foreign Policy, December 14, 2009.
- “Defining Punjabi Taliban”, CTC Sentinel, Issue 4, vol. 2, April 2009.
- “A Profile of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan”, CTC Sentinel, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Combating Terrorism Centre at West Point, January 2008.
- “Ousting of Saddam Regime will not be a delicate matter”, Boston Herald, March 29, 2003.
- “Kashmir as a peace bridge: An idea whose time has come”, The News, November 20, 2001.
- “Countering Osama’s PR Campaign”, The News, Pakistan, Nov. 13, 2001.
- “Terrorists’ actions are an attempt to hijack Islam”, Boston Herald, September 30, 2001.
- MALD and Ph.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University
- LL.M. in International Law from Nottingham University, United Kingdom, as a Britannia Chevening Scholar
- Master’s in Political Science from Punjab University (Pakistan)
Dr. Gawdat Bahgat is professor of National Security Affairs at the National Defense University’s Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Study. He is an Egyptian-born specialist in Middle Eastern policy, particularly Egypt, Iran, and the Gulf region. His areas of expertise include energy security, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, counter-terrorism, Arab-Israeli conflict, North Africa, and American foreign policy in the Middle East.
Bahgat’s career blends scholarship with national security practicing. Before joining NESA in December 2009, he taught at different universities. Bahgat published ten books including Alternative Energy in the Middle East (2013), Energy Security (2011), International Political Economy (2010), Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East (2007), Israel and the Persian Gulf (2006), and American Oil Diplomacy (2003). Bahgat’s articles have appeared in International Affairs, Middle East Journal, Middle East Policy, Oil and Gas Journal, and OPEC Review, among others. His work has been translated to several foreign languages.
Bahgat served as an advisor to several governments and oil companies. He has more than 25 years of academic, policy and government experience working on Middle Eastern issues. Bahgat has contributed to CNN, BBC, Washington Post and Al-Jazeera. He has spoken at Tufts University, Columbia University, London School of Economics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Swiss Foreign Ministry, Yildiz Technical University in Istanbul, Qatar University, Kuwait University, Oman Diplomatic Institute, Griffith University (Australia), and India School of Business.
- Energy security
- Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction
- International political economy
- Middle East
- Caspian Sea/Central Asia
- U.S. foreign policy
Books and Monographs:
- Energy Security in the Gulf, Berlin: Gerlach Press, 2015.
- Alternative Energy in the Middle East, London: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2013.
- Energy Security: An Interdisciplinary Approach, London: Wiley, 2011.
- The International Political Economy of Sovereign Wealth Funds, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East, Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2007.
- Israel and the Persian Gulf: Retrospect and Prospect, Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2006.
- American Oil Diplomacy in the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea, Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2003.
- The Persian Gulf at the Dawn of the New Millennium, New York: NOVA Science Publishers, 1999.
- The Future of the Gulf, Washington, D.C: Scott-Townsend Publishers, 1997.
- The Gulf Monarchies: New Economic and Political Realities, London: The Research Institute for the Study of Conflict and Terrorism, 1997.
- “The Emerging New Energy Landscape: The European Union and North Africa,” in Mediterranean Year Book, IEMed, Barcelona, Spain, 2015.
- “China and the Persian Gulf States,” in Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale, Quaderni di Relazioni Internazionali, Rome, Institute of International Political Studies, 2012 (in Italian).
- “Energy Security,” in James Sperling (ed), Handbook on Governance and Security, UK: Edward Elgar, (2014).
- “OPEC and Others: Oil and Gas Producers’ Perspectives on Energy Security,” in Hugh Dyer and Julia Trombetta (eds), International Handbook of Energy Security, UK: Edward Elgar, 2012.
- “A Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in the Middle East,” in Mehran Kamrava (ed), The Nuclear Question in the Middle East, New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.
- “Advancing the Control of Weapons of Mass Destruction: An Incremental Approach,” in Bernd W. Kubbig and Sven-Eric Fikenscher (eds) Arms Control and Missile Proliferation in the Middle East, London: Routledge, 2012.
- “Pakistan-Saudi Arabia Relations – An Assessment,” in Usama Butt and Julian Schofield (eds) Pakistan: The US Geopolitics and Grand Strategies, London: Pluto Press, 2012.
- “Energy Cooperation: Europe and North Africa,” in Josep Ferre I Gavarro (ed) Euro-med Survey, Barcelona: European Institute of the Mediterranean, 2011.
- “Sovereign Wealth Funds in the Gulf – An Assessment,” in Kristian Ulrichsen and David Held (eds), The Transformation of the Gulf, London: Routledge, 2011.
- “Sovereign Wealth Funds in the Gulf – Opportunities and Challenges,” in Robert Looney (ed), Handbook of Oil Politics, London: Routledge, 2011.
- “Central Asia and Energy Security,” in Bhavna Dave (ed), Politics of Modern Central Asia, London: Routledge, 2009.
- “Europe’s Energy Security: Challenges and Opportunities,” in Bradley A. Thayer and Nuray Ibryamova (eds), Debates in International Relations, London: Pearson Longman Publishers, 2009.
- “Energy Security: Asia and the Middle East,” in Franco Zallio (ed), European Union-Gulf Relations, published by the Italian Institute for International Political Studies, Milan: Bocconi University, 2006.
- “Libya Looks to a Bright Future Post-Sanctions,” in 2006 Mediterranean Yearbook, published by the European Institute of the Mediterranean (in English, French, and Spanish), 2006.
- “Geopolitics and Security: The American Point of View,” in Eni S.P.A (Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi), (ed), Encyclopedia of Hydrocarbons, Rome, Italy: The Istituto Della Enciclopedia Italiana Treccani, forthcoming (in English and Italian).
- “United States Oil Diplomacy in the Persian Gulf,” in Markus Kaim (ed), Pax Americana in the Middle East: The United States’ Policy towards the Regional Order of the Persian Gulf, Wiesbaden, Germany: Will be published under the Auspices of the German Council on Foreign Relations in 2006.
- “Energy Security: Pacific Asia and the Middle East,” in Michael Wesley (eds), Energy Security in Asia, Routledge Publishers, 2007.
- “Western Strategic Cooperation with Russia Concerning Oil Supply,” in Erich Reiter, (ed), Year Book for International Security Policy, Bonn: E.S.Mittler & Sohn Gmbh, 2003 (in English and German).
- “The Caspian Sea Geo-political Game: The United States Versus Iran” and “Israel and Iran: Prospects for Détente”, in Bjorn Moller, (ed), Oil and Water: Cooperative Security in the Persian Gulf, London: I.B.Tauris Publishers, 2001.
- “Oil Security in the New Millennium: Geo-Economy vs. Geo-Strategy” in Erich Reiter, (ed), Year Book for International Security Policy, Bonn: E.S.Mittler & Sohn Gmbh, 2000 (in German).
- “Privatization and Democratization in the Arab World: Is There a Connection?” in Vincent Wright and Luisa Perrotti, (eds), Privatization and Public Policy, Williston, VT: Edward Elgar Publishing Inc, 20
- “Geopolitics of energy: Iran, Turkey and Europe,” Mediterranean Quarterly, Vol.26, No.3, Summer 2015.
- “Global energy outlook: opportunities and challenges,” Perceptions, Vol.19, No.3, Fall 2014.
- “Egypt in the aftermath of the Arab Spring – What Lies Ahead,” Conflict Trends, Vol.17, No.1, January 2015.
- “Iran and Its Neighbors,” Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Vol.38, No.2, Winter 2015.
- “Iran-Turkey Energy Cooperation – Strategic Implications,” Middle East Policy, Vol.21, No.4, Winter 2014.
- “The shale gas and oil revolution: strategic implications for United States Policy in the Middle East,” Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, Vol.39, No.2, Summer 2014.
- “The Geopolitics of Energy Security,” International Relations and Security Network, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, March 24, 2014.
- “Oil and Politics in Libya,” Afkar-Ideas, European Institute of the Mediterranean, Barcelona, Spain, March 2014.
- “Saudi Energy Outlook: Strategic Implications,” Middle East Journal, Vol.67, No.4, Fall 2013.
- “The Iranian Nuclear Crisis – An Assessment,” Parameters, Vol.43, No.2, Summer 2013.
- “A WMD Free Zone in the Middle East?” Middle East Policy, Vol.20, No.1, Spring 2013.
- “Egypt’s Energy Outlook: Opportunities and Challenges,” Mediterranean Quarterly, Vol.24, No.1, Winter 2013.
- “The Impact of the Arab Spring on the Energy Sector: Opportunities and Risks,” World Financial Review, December 2012.
- “Morocco Energy Outlook,” Journal of North African Studies, Vol.18, No.2, March, 2013.
- “The Impact of Arab Spring on the Oil and Gas Industry in North Africa – A Preliminary Assessment,” Journal of North African Studies, Vol.17, No.3, Fall 2012.
- “Will Saudi Arabia Face an Energy Crisis?” Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, Vol.37, No.2, Summer 2012.
- “Nuclear Power and Renewable Resources: The United Arab Emirates’ Experience,” Asian Affairs, Vol.43, No.2, Summer 2012.
- “Preliminary Assessment of Arab Spring’s Impact on Oil and Gas in Egypt and Libya,” Oil and Gas Journal, Vol.110, No.2, January 9, 2012.
- “Tension in the Gulf – Strait of Hormuz,” AGI Energia, January 11, 2012 (in Italian)
- “The Impact of Arab Spring on Oil and Gas Industry in North Africa,” Medenergie, February 2012 (in French).
- “A Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in the Middle East – A Pipe Dream?” Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, Vol.36, No.1, Fall 2011.
- “Israel’s Energy Security: Regional Implications,” Middle East Policy, Vol.18, No.3, Fall 2011.
- “The Crisis in Libya – A Preliminary Assessment,” Energia, Vol.32, No.2, June 2011 (in Italian).
- “Energy Security Issues in the Middle East,” Exploration and Production: Oil and Gas Review, Vol.9, No.2, June 2011.
- “Terrorism in Egypt – An Assessment,” Vanguardia Dossier, Vol.28, No.1, March 2011 (in Spanish).
- “The 2011 Uprisings in the Arab World,” Vanguardia Dossier, Vol.28, No.1, March 2011 (in Spanish).
- “The Uprising in Libya: International Repercussions,” Euro-Mediterranean Policies: Focus, Vol.14, No.3, March 2011.
- “A Nuclear Arms Race in the Middle East: Myth or Reality?” Mediterranean Quarterly, Vol.22, No.1, Winter 2011.
- “Russia’s Oil and Gas Policy,” OPEC Energy Review, Vol.34, No.4, December 2010.
- “The European Union Energy Partnership – An Overview,” Energia, Vol.31, No.4, December 2010 (in Italian).
- “China’s Energy Security,” Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, Vol.36, No.2, Summer 2010.
- “EU, OPEC Strategic Dialog Highlights Shared Interests,” Oil and Gas Journal, Vol.108, No.18, May 2010.
- “Egyptian-Iranian Relations: Retrospect and Prospect,” Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, Vol.36, No.1, Spring 2010.
- Bahgat, G. (2010, July). Israel’s Energy Security: the Caspian Sea and the Middle East. Israel Affairs, 16(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2010, Spring). Terrorism and the Persian Gulf. Vanguardia Dossier.
- Bahgat, G. (2010, Spring). Egyptian-Iranian Relations: Retrospect and Prospect.
Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 34(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2010, March) “The Geopolitics of Energy: Europe and North Africa,”
Journal of North African Studies, 15(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2009, Winter). Egypt and Iran: The Thirty Years Estrangement. Middle East Policy, 16(4).
- Bahgat, G. (2009, Summer). The Gaza War and the Changing Strategic Landscape in the Middle East. Mediterranean Quarterly, 20(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2009, Summer). The Geopolitics of Energy in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 34(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2009, September). Nuclear Energy: Potential and Implications. Medenergia, La revue mediterraneenne de L’energie, 30.
- Bahgat, G. (2009, Spring). The Arab Peace Initiative: An Assessment. Middle East Policy, 46(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2009, March). Europe’s Energy Security – An Assessment. Energia, 30(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2009, March). Oil Funds: Perils and Opportunities. Middle Eastern Studies, 45(2), 283-293.
- Bahgat, G. (2009, January). Prospects for Gas OPEC. Middle East Economic Survey, 52(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2009, April). Saudi Arabia and the Arab-Israeli Conflict in the Last Years of the Bush Presidency. Israel Affairs, 15(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2008-9, Winter). United States-Iranian Relations: The Terrorism Challenge. Parameters, 38(4).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, Fall). Gas OPEC? Rhetoric versus Reality. Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 33(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, November). Energy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. Middle Eastern Studies, 44(6).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, Summer). The Geopolitics of Energy in the Caspian Sea. Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 31(4).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, November). Sovereign Wealth Funds: Dangers and Opportunities. International Affairs, 84(6).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, August). Supplier-user teamwork key to stable oil prices. Oil and Gas Journal, 106(32).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, August). Security in the Persian Gulf: Perils and Opportunities. Contemporary Security Policy, 29(2), 303-321.
- Bahgat, G. (2008, September). Security in the Persian Gulf: Two Conflicting Models. Defense & Security Analysis, 24(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, April). Oil Funds: Threat or Opportunity? Oil and Gas Journal, 106(16).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, January). Nuclear Arms Race in the Middle East: A Myth or a Reality. Orient, 24(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, Spring). Energy Security: What Does It Mean? And How Can We Achieve It? Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 33(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, April). Iran and the United States: Reconcilable Differences? Iranian Studies, 41(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, March). Nuclear Energy: Potential and Implications. Energia, 29(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, March). Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Case of Libya. International Relations, 22(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, Fall). Energy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 32(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, Summer). Terrorism in the Middle East. Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 32(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, Fall). Saudi Arabia and the Arab-Israeli Peace Process. Middle East Policy, 14(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, May). The Oil Market’s Hard Charges-2: India Steers New Course Toward Energy Reform. Oil and Gas Journal, 105(19).
- Bahgat, G. (2008, January). The Geopolitics of Islam: Shiites in the Persian Gulf. Avrasya Dosyasi (Eurasian File, 13(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, Spring). Iran, Israel, and the United States: The Nuclear Paradox. Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 32(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, April). China Expands Energy Mix, Seeks Investment. Oil and Gas Journal, 105(16).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, June). “Africa’s Oil: Potential and Implications,” OPEC Review, Vol.31, No.2, June 2007.
- Bahgat, G. (2007, Summer). Iran and the United States: The Emerging Security Paradigm in the Middle East. Parameters, 37(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, June). Prospects for Energy Cooperation in the Caspian Sea. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 40(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, May). Nuclear Proliferation: Egypt. Middle Eastern Studies, 43(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, March). China’s Energy Policy: Strategic Implications. Energia, 28(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, Winter). Energy Security and the Persian Gulf. The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 31(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, Winter). The 2006 War in Lebanon: Missile Proliferation in the Middle East. Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 31(4).
- Bahgat, G. (2007, Spring). Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in the Middle East. World Affairs, 169(4).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, October). Israel and Iran in the New Middle East,. Contemporary Security Policy, 27(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, Fall). India’s Energy Security. Minerals and Energy, 21(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, Summer). Strategic Rivalry in the Caspian Sea. Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 29(4).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, Summer). Nuclear Proliferation: The Case of Saudi Arabia. Middle East Journal, 60(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, Summer). Israel and Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East. Middle East Policy, 13(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, September). United States and the Middle East: Interdependence not Independence. OPEC Review, 30(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, May). Europe’s Energy Security – The Way Ahead. Holyrood, 151.
- Bahgat, G. (2006, February). U.S. Oil Outlook. Middle East Economic Survey, 49(9).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, May). Nuclear Proliferation: Iran. International Studies Perspectives, 7(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, September). Energy Security: The European Union. International Affairs, 82(5).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, Winter). Geo-politics of Oil: Russia and Central Asia. Russian/CIS Energy and Mining Law Journal, 4(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2005, Summer). Energy Security: Opportunities and Challenges. Russian/CIS Energy and Mining Law Journal, 3(4).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, September). Nuclear Proliferation: The Islamic Republic of Iran. Iranian Studies, 39(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2005, Winter). Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East. Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 30(4).
- Bahgat, G. (2006, March). Energy Security: Central Asia. Asian Affairs, 37(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2005, Fall). Oil and Terrorism: Central Asia and the Caucasus. Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 30(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2005, October). EU Seeks Energy Security in Stronger Supplier Ties. Oil and Gas Journal, 103(38).
- Bahgat, G. (2005, August). Energy Partnership: Pacific Asia and the Middle East. Middle East Economic Survey, 148 (33)
- Bahgat, G. (2005, Summer). The Emerging Sino-Iranian Strategic Alliance. Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 28 (4)
- Bahgat, G. (2005, Spring). Energy Security: The Caspian Sea. Minerals and Energy, 20 (2)
- Bahgat, G. (2005, Summer). Nonproliferation Success: The Libyan Model. World Affairs, 168 (1)
- Bahgat, G. (2005, June). Energy Partnership: China and the Gulf States. OPEC Review, 29(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2005, Summer). The United States and Shiite Islam: Retrospect and Prospect, Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 30(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2005, Summer-Fall). Saddam Hussein’s Legacy: A Preliminary Assessment and Future Implications, SAIS Review, 25(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2005, Summer). Transatlantic Cooperation: Libya’s Diplomatic Transformation, Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 29(2).
- Bahgat, G (2005, April). “Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East: Iran and Israel,” Contemporary Security Policy, 26(1).
- Bahgat, G. (Forthcoming in Russian). The Future Prospects for Russia’s Oil Industry, CIS & Russian Oil & Gas.
- Bahgat, G. (2004, Winter). Oil, Terrorism, and Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Libyan Diplomatic Coup, Journal of Social, Economic, and Political Studies, 29(4).
- Bahgat, G. (2004, October). Libya’s Energy Outlook, Middle East Economic Survey, 47(43).
- Bahgat, G. (2004, August). Foreign Investment in Saudi Arabia’s Energy Sector, Middle East Economic Survey, 47(34).
- Bahgat, G. (2004, Summer). Energy Security: The Caspian Sea, Energia, 105(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2004, Fall). Energy Security in a New World Order, Journal of Energy and Development, 30(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2004, Fall) Weapons of Mass Destruction in West Asia, Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, 16(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2004, September-October). The War on Terrorism: The Mujahedeen e-Khalk Saga, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 27(5).
- Bahgat, G. (2004, Fall). Terrorism and Energy: Prospects for a Strategic Re-alignment, World Affairs, 167(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2004, June). Russia’s Oil Potential: Prospects and Implications, OPEC Review, 28(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2004, Summer/Fall). Nuclear Proliferation: The Trans-Atlantic Division, Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, 5(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2005, March). Energy Partnership: Israel and the Persian Gulf, Energy Policy, 33(5).
- Bahgat, G. (2003, Fall). Iraq and Israel, Journal of South East Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 27(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2005, July). The Islamic Republic and the Jewish State, Israel Affairs, 11(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2003, Winter). Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Iraq and Iran, Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 28(4).
- Bahgat, G. (2004, Winter). Saudi Arabia and the War on Terrorism, Arab Studies Quarterly, 26(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2003, Summer). The New Geopolitics of Oil: The United States, Saudi Arabia and Russia, Orbis, .47(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2003, Summer) The New Middle East: The Gulf Monarchies and Israel, Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 28(2).
- Bahgat, G. (Forthcoming) The Caspian Sea Region: Continuity and Change, Governance.
- Bahgat, G. (2003, March). Terrorism and Oil – Russia as a Substitute for Energy Deliveries from the Middle East, International Politik, (3).
- Bahgat, G. (2003, Spring). Russian Oil for the West, International Politik,4(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2002, June) Oil in the Middle East: Prospects and Challenges, Pacific and Asian Journal of Energy, 12 (1).
- Bahgat, G. (2003, March). The United States, Iraq and Weapons of Mass Destruction, Defense and Security Analysis, 19(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2003, March). Iran, the United States, and the War on Terrorism, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 26(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2002, September). The New Geopolitics of Oil: The United States, Saudi Arabia, and Russia, Middle East Economic Survey, 45(36).
- Bahgat, G. (2002, Summer). The Iraqi Quagmire: What Is Next? Contemporary Security Policy, 23(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2002, Summer-Fall). Splitting Water: The Geopolitics of Water Resources in the Caspian Sea, SAIS Review, 22(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2002, Summer). Oil and Militant Islam: Strains on US-Saudi Relations, World Affairs, 165(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2002, Summer). Pipeline Diplomacy: The Geopolitics of the Caspian Sea Region, International Studies Perspectives, 3(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2001, Fall). The Geo-politics of Natural Gas in Asia, OPEC Review, 25(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2001, Fall). United States Energy Security, Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 26(3).
- Bahgat, G. (2001, Fall). The Future of US-Iran Relations, Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 25(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2001, June). U.S-Iranian relations: Sanctions and the Caspian Sea”, Security Dialogue, 32(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2001, Spring). Managing dependence: American-Saudi oil relations, Arab Studies Quarterly, 23(1).
- Bahgat, G. (2001, January in German and Russian). The Geo-politics of Natural Gas in the Gulf-Region, Internationale Politik, (1).
- Bahgat, G. (2000, Fall). The New Political Economy of Oil in the Arabian/Persian Gulf States: A Comparative Analysis, Journal of Energy and Development, 26 (1).
- Bahgat, G. (2000, Summer). Oil Diplomacy: American Policy in the Persian Gulf, The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 24(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2000, June). The Iraqi Crisis in the New Millennium: The Prospects, Asian Affairs, 87(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2000, Summer). Foreign Investment and Oil Industry in the Persian Gulf States, Mineral & Energy, 15(2).
- Bahgat, G. (2000, Winter). Iranian-Saudi Rapprochement: Prospects and Implications, World Affairs, 162(3).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, December). Oil Security at the Turn of the Century: Economic and Strategic Implications, International Relations, 14(6).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, Fall). Oil Security at the Dawn of the New Millennium, The Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 24(3).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, December). Security in the Persian Gulf: The View from Oman, Security Dialogue, 30(4).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, December). Oil in the Persian Gulf: Prospects for the New Millennium, Energy Studies Review, 9(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, September). The Caspian Sea Geo-political Game: Prospects for the New Millennium, OPEC Review, 23(3).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, April). Iran and Terrorism: The Transatlantic Response, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 22(2).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, March). Stability in the Persian Gulf: The Water Dimension, International Journal on World Peace, 16(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, Spring). Persian Gulf Security at the Turn of the Century, Defense Analysis, 15(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, Spring). High Policy and Low Policy: Fresh Water Resources in the Middle East, Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 22(3).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, April). Succession Question in the Gulf Monarchies, International Journal of Contemporary Sociology, 36(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, Spring). Education in the Gulf Monarchies: Retrospect and Prospect, International Review of Education, 45(2).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, January). Energy Security: Oil and Weapons of Mass Destruction, Disarmament Diplomacy, (33).
- Bahgat, G. (1998, Fall). Geo-economy Versus Geo-Strategy: American Oil Security in the New Millennium, Strategic Review, 14(4).
- Bahgat, G. (1998, Summer). The Gulf Monarchies: Economic and Political Challenges at the End of the Century, Journal of Social, Economic and Political Studies, 23(2).
- Bahgat, G. (1998, December). Iran at the Turn of the Century: Continuity and Change, International Politics, 35(4).
- Bahgat, G. (1998, August). Oil Security: Potential Threats, Contemporary Security Policy, 19(2).
- Bahgat, G. (1997, Fall). Oil in the Persian Gulf: Prospect for the Twenty-First Century, Journal of Energy and Development, 23(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1999, January). Peace in the Persian Gulf: The Shi’is Dimension, Peace and Change, 24(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1998, June). The New Iran: A Myth Or A Reality?, Asian Affairs, 85(2).
- Bahgat, G. (1998, Spring). Iraq After Saddam – What Lies Ahead?, Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 23(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1998, Winter/Spring). The Silent Revolution: Education and Instability in the Gulf Monarchies, The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 22(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1997, December). Beyond Containment: American-Iranian Relations At A Crossroad, Security Dialogue, 28(4).
- Bahgat, G. (1997, Spring). The Future of Iran, Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 22(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1997, April). Beyond Sanctions: US Policy Toward Iraq, International Relations, 13(4).
- Bahgat, G. (1996, Winter). Gulf Security System and Western Powers, Low Intensity Conflict and Law Enforcement, 5(2).
- Bahgat, G. (1996, September). Peace in the Persian Gulf: Iran and Iraq, International Studies, 33(3).
- Bahgat, G. (1996, September in Arabic). Prospects for Peace and Stability in the Gulf Region, Arab Future, (211).
- Bahgat, G. (1996, Summer). Gulf Security and Western Policy, The International Spectator, 31(3).
- Bahgat, G. (1996, Spring). Political Islam and the West, Iranian Journal of International Affairs, 8(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1995, November). Military Security and Political Stability in the Gulf, Arab Studies Quarterly, 17(3).
- Bahgat, G. (1995, November). The Changing Economic and Political Environment in the Gulf Monarchies, Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 20(3).
- Bahgat, G. (1995, October). The American Dilemma in the Gulf, Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 19(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1995, September). Regional Peace and Stability in the Gulf, Security Dialogue, 26(3).
- Bahgat, G. (1995, June). Oil and Democracy: The American Dilemma in the Persian Gulf Region, Comparative Strategy, 14(2).
- Bahgat, G. (1994, August). Democracy in the Arab World: An Elitist Approach, International Relations, 12(2).
- Bahgat, G. (1994, February). Democracy in the Middle East: The American Connection, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 17(1).
- Bahgat, G. (1993, Winter). Privatization and Democratization in the Arab World: Is There A Connection?, Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 18(4).
- March 2011, “The GCC Investment in Alternative Energy,” presented at The Transformation of the Gulf States, sponsored by the London School of Economics and Political Science, Kuwait.
- March 2011, “Developments in Iran,” presented at Praetorian Shield, sponsored by the United States government, Arlington, Virginia.
- February 2011, “Academic Peace Orchestra Middle East: Shaping the Envisaged Middle East Conference 2012 and Its International Context,” sponsored by the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Protestant Church in Hesse and Nassau, and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Valletta, Malta.
- October 2010, “An Assessment of Contemporary Warfare and US National Security and Military Policy,” presented at the United States National Security Policy and Military Strategy: Understanding the Environment for Contemporary Warfare, sponsored by the US Army War College and Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas.
- September 2010, “United States and a Nuclear Iran,” presented at The Regional Implications of a Nuclear-Armed Iran, sponsored by the United States government, Arlington, Virginia.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Kuwait Investment Authority – An Assessment.” International Political Economy of Sovereign Wealth Funds, Sponsored by Griffith University. Brisbane, Australia. Oct. 2009.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Identifying the Major Terrorist Trends and Questions.” Terrorism’s Central Arena, Sponsored by the National Counterterrorism Center. Atlanta, GA. Oct. 2009.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Energy in the Twenty-first Century: Opportunities and Challenges.” Thirty-Eighth Annual Frank Church Symposium on International Affairs. Pocatello, ID. Mar. 2009.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “OPEC and the Challenge of Energy Security.” Energy Security in the Asia Pacific sponsored by Griffith Asia Institute, Australian Research Council, and Asia Pacific Futures Research Network. Brisbane, Australia. Sept. 2005.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Energy Partnership: China and the Middle East.” Twenty-Sixth International Area Conference on Burgeoning Asian Demand: Could Supply Alliances Change? Boulder, CO. Apr. 2005.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “The United States Energy Security.” Oil and Water Symposium, Institute for Global Leadership, Tufts University. Medford, MA. Feb. 2005.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “The Geopolitics of the Caspian Sea Region.” Policy Seminars on Conflicts in Eurasia, the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University. Washington, D.C. Feb 2005.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Energy and Security: Global Challenges and Regional Perspectives.” Program of Atlantic Security Studies. Prague, Czech Republic. Oct. 2004.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Energy Security in a New World Order.” Thirty-First Annual International Energy Conference on Repositioning in the Energy Sector: Pace and Directions. Boulder, CO. Apr. 2004.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Oman and Yemen: A Comparative Foreign Policy Analysis.” Thirty-Sixth International Congress of Asian and North African Studies. Montreal, Canada. Aug 2000.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “The Islamic Republic and the Jewish State: Future Prospects”, and “The Caspian Sea Geo-political Game: The United States Versus Iran.” Symposium on Cooperative Security for the Persian Gulf Region, Copenhagen, Denmark. Mar. 1999.
- Bahgat, Gawdat., “Economic and Political Liberalization in the Gulf”, and “Stability and Security in the Persian Gulf.” Annual Meeting of the Western Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA. Mar 1996.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “The Changing Security Environment in the Middle East and American National Interests”, and “Islam, Democracy and the United States: The Human Rights Dimension.” Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, New York, NY. Sept. 1994.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Privatization and Democratization in the Arab World: Is There A Connection?” Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Political Science Association, San Antonio, TX. Mar. 1994.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Privatization: The Theory and Practice.” Annual Meeting of the Association of Third World Studies. Gainesville, FL. Oct. 1992.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Why Governments Grow: A Comparative Analysis.” Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association. Chicago, IL. Sept. 1992.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “The Impact of External and Internal Forces on Economic Reform in the Third World: A Comparative Analysis”, and “Foreign Trade and Economic Development in the Middle East.” Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL. Apr. 1992.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “The IMF and Political Violence: A Cross-National Analysis.” Annual Meeting of the Western Political Science Association. San Francisco, CA. Mar. 1992.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Foreign Economic Assistance and Development in the Third World: A Quantitative Analysis.” Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Political Science Association. Austin, TX. Mar. 1992.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Elite’s Values and Economic Reform”, and “The IMF and Political Instability.” Annual Meeting of the Northeastern Political Science Association. Philadelphia, PA. Nov, 1991.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “Dependency School Versus Neo-Classical Theory: The Case of Egypt.” Annual Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Tampa, FL. Nov. 1991.
- Bahgat, Gawdat. “The Impact of American Economic Assistance on Egypt’s Economic Development and Orientation.” Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Political Science Association. San Antonio, TX. Mar. 1991.
- Ph.D., Political Science, Florida State University
- M.A., Middle Eastern Studies, American University in Cairo
- B.A., Political Science, Cairo University
Dr. Daniel Baltrusaitis is a Visiting of Strategy and Security at the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies, National Defense University. Additionally, he is a Visiting Fellow at TRENDS Research and Advisory Think Tank in Abu Dhabi.
His research interests include defense strategy, coalition and alliance politics, Gulf and Middle East security, contemporary defense affairs, and joint operational art. Dr. Baltrusaitis has extensive experience blending the rigors of scholarship with national security policy and practice. He previously served as a Professor of Strategy and Security Studies at the National Defense College of the UAE, Associate Professor of International Security Studies, Dean of Resident Academics at the U.S. Air War College, and Director of Outreach and Engagement for the Air Force Spaatz Center for Officer Education. Dr. Baltrusaitis is a retired military officer and has served in a variety of military operational and staff assignments.
- Coalition and Alliance Politics
- National and Defense Strategy
- Gulf Security
- Contemporary Defense Affairs and Operational Art
- Ph.D., International Relations, Georgetown University
- M.A., Strategic Studies, Air War College
- M.A., Airpower Operations and Strategy, School of Advanced Airpower Studies
- Iraq War coalition politics (Lynne Rienner, 2010)
Dr. Baltrusaitis has published articles on security issues in numerous defense journals.
Dr. Michael S. Bell is a Distinguished Professor of National Security Policy and Strategy. He joined the NESA Center after most recently serving as Senior Director for Gulf Affairs in the National Security Council, and then as Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director for Middle East Affairs in the National Security Council.
Following graduation from the United States Military Academy in 1983 and commissioning as an armor officer, he served with armor, cavalry, and mechanized infantry units in a variety of command and staff positions in Europe, the continental United States, and Southwest Asia. He commanded 1-8 Cavalry, taught history at the United States Military Academy, and served at the National War College as Dean of Faculty and Academic Programs. Other noteworthy military assignments include Aide de Camp to the Commanding General, 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm; Special Assistant to the Commanding General, U.S. Army Europe/Peace Stabilization Force; Futures Chief, III Corps G-3; and strategist in the Directorate of Strategic Plans and Policy (J5), the Joint Staff.
While in the Joint Staff J5, his major projects included: the National Military Strategy and National Defense Strategy; lead writer for the National Military Strategic Plan for the War on Terrorism; staff lead for the Joint Strategic Planning System; member of the Kuwait Strategic Review team; lead writer for Kuwait’s National Security and Defense Strategy, and lead writer for the National Military Strategy of the Kuwaiti Armed Forces. The Strategic Studies Institute published his monograph, The Exigencies of Global, Integrated Warfare: The Evolving Role of the CJCS and His Dedicated Staff.
In 2008-9, then Colonel Bell served as the Director of the Commanding General’s Initiatives Group at Multi-National Force-Iraq headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq, and subsequently, at headquarters, U.S. Central Command. He returned to the National Defense University in 2009 as the Dean of the National War College and subsequently served 2010 through 2016 as the Chancellor of the College of International Security Affairs (CISA), the newest of the five colleges at the National Defense University (NDU) and the Department of Defense flagship for education and building partner capacity in combating terrorism and irregular warfare.
In January 2017, Dr. Bell was detailed to the White House as Senior Director for Gulf Affairs in the National Security Council. From July 2017 through July 2018, he served as Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director for Middle East Affairs in the National Security Council. Returning to NDU, he taught classes in Irregular Warfare and American Studies, served as a strategy advisor to planning efforts at the Department of Homeland Security, and led the team that produced the Joint Chiefs of Staff Vision for Professional Military Education and Talent Management.
Dr. Bell holds an MA and a PhD in History from the University of Maryland at College Park, a MS in National Security Strategy from NDU, and is a Distinguished Graduate of the National War College. Dr. Bell retired from the US Army in 2012. His awards and decorations include the Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal with oak leaf cluster, the Bronze Star, the combat action badge, and the Joint Staff identification badge.
- National Military Strategy and National Defense Strategy
- Stability and Reconstruction Operations
- Counter-Insurgency Operations
- Irregular Warfare
- Middle East Affairs
- Ph.D., History, University of Maryland, College Park
- M.A., History, University of Maryland, College Park
- M.S., National Security Strategy, National Defense University
- M.A., Distinguished Graduate, National War College
- B.A., U.S. Military Academy, West Point
Daniel E. Curfiss has been with the NESA Center since August of 2005 and is a Professor of Strategic Studies. Before joining the NESA Center he instructed civil servants in Iraq, both at the Ministry of Defense and on the staff of the Iraqi National Security Advisor, in capacity-building, policy development and matters of national security policy and strategy.
Immediately after retiring from the U.S. Marine Corps he worked in Nigeria from August of 2002 until February of 2004 on the Nigeria Civil-Military Assistance Program Combined Action Team of senior officers from the Nigerian Armed Forces and retired senior military officers from the United States Armed Forces in a joint U.S./Nigeria venture created to help democratize the Ministry of Defense and revitalize the Nigerian Armed Forces. Prof. Curfiss is also a member of the Marine Corps History Foundation’s General Wallace M. Greene Award Committee. This committee annually selects the book determined by the committee to best describe Marine Corps heritage, relevance to U.S. national interests and defense activities published during the given year of selection and is presented to the author by the Commandant of the Marine Corps.
Prof. Curfiss is a retired United States Marine Corps infantry officer having spent 28 years on active duty, and he is a veteran of both Vietnam and Gulf War I. He commanded infantry units at the rifle and reconnaissance platoon, rifle company, infantry battalion and Marine Expeditionary Unit levels. He also lived in Jubail, Saudi Arabia while serving as the senior advisor to the brigade commander of the first brigade of Saudi marines after Desert Storm.
- National Security Policy and Strategy
- Stability and Reconstruction Operations
- Foreign relations and security issues
- Counter-Insurgency Operations
- M.S., Military Science, U.S. Army Command and Staff College
- Operational Level of War, U.S. Marine Corps Amphibious Warfare School
- B.A., History, Ohio State University
David Des Roches is an Associate Professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies. Prior to this, he was the director responsible for defense policy concerning Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Prior to this assignment, he has served in the Office of the Secretary of Defense as the DoD Liaison to the Department of Homeland Security, as the senior country director for Pakistan, as the NATO operations director, and as the deputy director for peacekeeping. His first job in government was as a special assistant for strategy and later as the international law enforcement analyst in the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy.
A British Marshall Scholar, he has also attended the Federal Executive Institute, the German Staff College’s Higher Officer Seminar, the US Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare School and the US Army Command and General Staff College.
An Airborne Ranger in the Army Reserve, he was awarded the Bronze Star for service in Afghanistan. He has commanded conventional and special operations parachute units and has served on the US Special Operations Command staff as well as on the Joint Staff.
- Arabian Peninsula and Mediterranean Littoral
- Unconventional Warfare
- Stabilization and Reconstruction
- Homeland Defense
- M.S.S., Strategic Studies, US Army War College
- M.A., War Studies, King’s College
- M.A., Near and Middle East Area Studies, London School of Oriental and African Studies
- B.S., International Relations and Arabic, United States Military Academy
John H. Gill (Jack) is an Associate Professor on the faculty of the Near East – South Asia Center. A former U.S. Army South Asia Foreign Area Officer, he retired as a colonel in 2005 after more than 27 years of service.
Prior to joining the NESA Center, he worked on South Asia issues in the Pentagon from 1998-2001, including the 1999 Kargil crisis. During his time at the NESA Center, he has also served as Special Assistant for India/Pakistan to the Plans and Policy Director of the U.S. Joint Staff and as Military Advisor to Ambassador James Dobbins, the U.S. envoy to the Afghan opposition forces (2001-02). From August 2003 to January 2004, he served in Islamabad as the liaison officer to the Pakistan Army for U.S. forces in Afghanistan, including participation in Tripartite Commission meetings and other trilateral discussions.
He has been following South Asia issues from the intelligence and policy perspectives since the mid-1980’s in positions with the U.S. Joint Staff, the U.S. Pacific Command staff, and the Defense Intelligence Agency. His publications on South Asia include an Atlas of the 1971 India-Pakistan War, chapters in Strategic Asia (2003 and 2005), and chapters on U.S.-India military relations (2006) and India-Pakistan behavior during the “Brass Tacks” crisis (2008).
Prof. Gill is currently working on chapters addressing Indian counterinsurgency experiences in Sri Lanka (“IPKF”) and military operations during the 1999 Kargil conflict. He is also an internationally recognized military historian and has authored several books and numerous papers on the Napoleonic era.
- Military History
- India and Pakistan
- Afghanistan, South Asia
- Gill, J. (2004, November/December). Australian Divisions in the Second World War. Strategy & Tactics 225.
- Gill, J. (2004, October). Dissuasion and Confrontation: U.S. Policy in India-Pakistan Crises. Strategic Insights, 3(10), pp. 77-88. [download]
- Gill, J. (2001, April). The Archduke versus the Emperor. Military History, 18(1), pp. 26-32.
- Gill, J. (2007, January). Johnson, R. (2005). A Region in Turmoil, South Asian Conflicts Since 1947. London : Reaktion Books. Reviewed in The Journal of Military History, 71(1).
- Gill, J. (2006, January). Singh, V.K. (2005). Leadership in the Indian Army. New Delhi : SAGE Publications. Reviewed in The Journal of Military History, 70(1).
- Gill, J. (2002, July). Sandstedt, F. (Ed.) (2000). Between Imperial Eagles. Stockholm : Föreningen Armémusei. Reviewed in The Journal of Military History, 66(3). [download]
- Gill, J. (2002, January). Chrisawn, M. (2001). The Emperor’s Friend: Marshal Jean Lannes. London : Greenhill Books. Reviewed in The Journal of Military History, 66(1). [download]
- Gill, J. (1994, January). Chandler, D. (1994). On the Napoleonic Wars. London : Greenhill Books. Reviewed in The Journal of Military History, 58(3). [download]
- Gill, J. (2008). Brasstacks: Prudently Pessimistic. in S. Ganguly and P. Kapur (Eds.), Nuclear Proliferation in South Asia. London and New York: Routledge.
- Gill, J. (2006). US-India Military-to-Military Relations. in S. Ganguly, A. Scobell, and B. Shoup (Eds.), US-India Military-to-Military Relations. London and New York: Routledge.
- Gill, J. (2005). France’s Allies in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars: 1792-1815. in M. van Hattern (ed.), In the Wake of Napoleon. Netherlands: Thoth Uitgeverij.
- Gill, J. (2005). India and Pakistan: A Shift in the Military Calculus. In A. Tellis and M. Wills (Eds.) Strategic Asia 2005-2006: Military Modernization in an Era of Uncertainty. Washington, DC: National Bureau of Asian Research.
- Gill, J. (2004). India: Global Ambitions, Regional Concerns. In R. Ellings (Ed.) Strategic Asia 2003-2004: Fragility and Crisis. Washington, DC: National Bureau of Asian Research.
- Gill, J. (2004). Pakistan: A State Under Stress. In R. Ellings (Ed.) Strategic Asia 2003-2004: Fragility and Crisis. Washington, DC: National Bureau of Asian Research.
- Gill, J. (1998). Vermin, Scorpions and Mosquitoes. In I. Fletcher (Ed.) The Peninsula War. Staplehurst : Spellmount Publishers.
- Gill, J. (2008). 1809 – Thunder on the Danube: Napoleon’s Defeat of the Hapsburgs. Barnsley, South Yorkshire : Frontline Books.
- Gill, J. (2003). An Atlas of the 1971 India-Pakistan War: The Birth of Bangladesh. Washington, DC : National Defense University Press.
- Gill, J. (1998). A Soldier for Napoleon: The Campaigns of Lieutenant Franz Joseph Hausmann, 7th Bavarian Infantry. London : Greenhill Books.
- Gill, J. (1992). With Eagles to Glory: Napoleon and His German Allies in the 1809 Campaign. London : Greenhill Books.
- United States Army Command and General Staff College
- M.A., International Relations, George Washington University
- B.A., History / German, Middlebury College
Professor Ali Ahmad Jalali, serves as a Distinguished Professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies (NESA) at the National Defense University in Washington D.C. since October 2005. He is a former Interior Minister of Afghanistan (Jan. 2003-Sept. 2005) and Afghanistan Ambassador to Germany (Dec 2016-Sep 2018)
As Interior Minister of post-Taliban Afghanistan, he created a trained force of 50,000 Afghan National Police (ANP) and 12,000 Border Police to work effectively in counter-narcotics, counter-terrorism, and criminal investigation to fight against organized crime and illegal border crossings. He successfully led the country-wide operations to protect the constitutional grand assembly (Loya Jirga) in 2003, the nationwide voters’ registration drive and landmark 2004 Presidential election, and the parliamentary elections in 2005.
As Afghanistan Ambassador to Germany, Jalali interacted with Germany and European Union on major bilateral and multi-lateral issues related to policy, regional security, economy, trade, education as well as immigrants and refugees matters.
Since 2008, Jalali is also actively participating in high-level Track-II meetings on major multi-lateral global issues involving the United States, South and Central Asia, Russia, and China.
Prior to assuming the ministerial post in Kabul, Ambassador Jalali served in executive broadcast positions at Voice of America in Washington, D.C. from 1982 to 2003. During this period he, directed broadcasts in Pashto, Dari and Farsi (Persian) languages to Afghanistan, Iran and Central Asia. As journalist, he covered the war in Afghanistan (1982-1993) and the former Soviet Central Asia (1993-2000) and traveled extensively across the region.
During his military service in Afghanistan army (1961-81), Jalali served in command, staff and educational posts with a final rank of colonel. He attended higher educational institutions in Afghanistan, United States, United Kingdom and Russia. (See the list below)
A reputed multi-lingual military and political analyst, Ambassador Jalali has extensive academic, managerial, journalistic and writing experience and has published in three languages (English, Pashto, and Dari/Farsi). He is the author of numerous books and articles on political, military and security issues in Afghanistan, Iran and Central Asia. His works are published in the United States, Britain, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. (See the list below). He is a frequent commentator on Afghan and regional security and international political developmental at U.S. major TV networks (including CNN, ABC, NBC, MSNBC, FOX News, PBS, NPR) as well as Australian National TV (ABC) and Canadian CBC. Jalali’s articles and comments are also published in New York Times, Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor and many other major U.S and European papers. Many of his scholarly articles are published by the Parameters, the senior professional journal of the U.S. Army, from 2001-2010
Jalali has taught at higher education institutions of Afghanistan and the United States and extensively lectured at U.S. Army War College, U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, the Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, the British Army Staff College, Camberley, England and UAE National Defense College, Abu Dhabi.
Professor Jalali has native fluency in English, Pashto, Dari, Persian (Farsi) and Tajik languages, and he is fluent in Russian while confidently translates from French, and has functional knowledge of Arabic, Turkish and Urdu.
- Counter-Insurgency and Counter-Terrorism Operations
- Post-Conflict Stabilization and Reconstruction
- Counter-Narcotics Operations
- Afghanistan’s bubble of Optimism bursts, The Hill, Congress Blog, and November 18, 2015
- Renewing Afghanistan’s Social Contract, IPI Global Observatory, December 8, 2015
- Forging Afghanistan National Unity Government,” a Peace Brief Paper at USIP (December 2014) on discussing the Challenges facing the Afghanistan National Unity Government.
- The Security Sector reform in Afghanistan-Achievements and Setbacks, published by the Journal of International Peace Operations (JIPO),March 2012
- Non-State Armed Groups-Challenges and Opportunities, published by the Special Issue of the International Red Cross Journal, Geneva, Summer 2011
- Commentary on the Kandahar Jail break (Pervasive Corruption and Public Distrust), published in New York Times’ opinion page on April 26, 2010.
- “Afghanistan in Transition,” published in the autumn 2010 issue of Parameters which is available on line.
- Commentary on S. Strategy Review for Afghanistan in New York Times’ opinion page on December 16 2010.
- What to expect from General Petraeus, New York Times, June 24, 2010
- Afghanistan: Long-term Solutions and Perilous Shortcuts, Prism Quarterly (NDU), published in September 2010 Issue
- Is Fair Election in Afghanistan Possible, New York Times, October 21, 2009
- Is it Time to Negotiate with the Taliban, New York Times, Sep 1, 2009
- Afghanistan: A Long Hot Summer and A Call for Change, Far Eastern Economic Review, July/August 2009 issue
- Winning in Afghanistan, Parameters, Spring 2009 issue, Carlisle Barracks, Penn, USA, May 2009
- How to Win in Afghanistan, OP-ED, The Washington Times, March 1, 2009
- Afghanistan: Regaining Momentum, Parameters, winter 2007-2008 issue, Carlisle Barracks, Penn, USA, Jan 2008
- Expeditionary Forces: Superior Technology Defeated – The Battle of Maiwand. Coauthored with Lester W. Grau. A book chapter in “The British Army 1815-1914,) Harold E. Raugh Jr. Ed. Ashgate Publishing Limited, England, USA. 2006
- Combating Opium in Afghanistan. 2006. Coauthored with Robert B. Oakley and Zoe Hunter. Strategic Forum No. 224, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, November 2006, Washington D.C.
- Forbidden Cross-Border Vendetta: Spetsnaz Strike into Pakistan during the Soviet-Afghan, Journal of Slavic Military Studies, December 2006
- Five Years later Afghanistan Pays for Sins of Omission. Baltimore Sun, October 8, 2006. It was also published by several other major papers across the country and the Khalij Times. The article reviewed the past five years and made suggestions on ways to improve the security situation in Afghanistan.
- Nation Building on the Cheap. 2006. The Washington Post, May 28, 2006
- The Future of Afghanistan, Parameters, Spring 2006 issue, Carlisle Barracks, Penn, USA, Feb 2006
- Afghanistan in 2002: The Struggle to Win Peace, Asian Survey, University of Berkley, Ca. January 2003
- Demobilizing War machines: Making Peace last, a paper presented at and published by the U.N. conference on Rebuilding Societies Emerging from Conflict (September 9-11, 2002)
- Rebuilding Afghanistan’s National Army, Parameters, US. Army War College, Autumn, 2002
- Afghanistan: Political Participation and Security, Georgetown University, Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, Summer 2002
- Russian-Iranian Strategic Partnership, Parameters, US. Army War College, Winter 2001
- A detailed Military Analysis of the Battle of Maiwand (Pashto), Afghan Cultural Association, Peshawar, 2000
- Expeditionary Forces: Superior Technology Defeated – The Battle of Maiwand,”S. Military Review, May-June 2001
- Afghanistan: the Anatomy of an Ongoing Conflict, Parameters, US. Army War College, spring 2001
- The Campaign for the caves : the battles of Zhawar in the soviet-Afghan war – la guerre des grottes : la bataille de Zhawar pendant la guerre soviétique en Afghanistan, Journal of slavic military studies (the) , 2001, vol. 14 n°3, p. 69-92 Vértitable guerilla, la bataille de Zhawar a montré les insuffisances de tactique des deux armées.
- Iran-Central Asia: Reminiscing the Past and Looking to the Future, Central Asia Monitor, No. 4, 2001
- Islam as a Political Force in Central Asia: The Iranian Influence, Central Asia Monitor, No. 2, 1999
- Kashmir: Flashpoint or Safety Valve? By Mr. Lester W. Grau Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS. And Mr. Ali A. Jalali. This article was previously published in Military Review July-August 1999.
- Night Stalkers and Mean Streets: Afghan Urban Guerrillas, by Mr. Ali A. Jalali and Mr. Lester W. Grau, Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS. This article was previously published in Infantry January-April 1999.
- Wither the Taliban? Taliban–A Model for “Islamicising” Central Asia? The Cyber-Caravan, Johns Hopkins University, vol. 1, No. 4, March, 6, 1999
- Underground Combat: Stereophonic Blasting, Tunnel Rats and the Soviet-Afghan War – Lester Grau and Ali Ahmad Jalali. Engineer article November 1998
- The Break-up of State Structures in Afghanistan, in Persian, Mehragan (Iranian Journal), Summer 1998
- The Clash of Values and Interests in Afghanistan, Institute of World Politics, Washington D.C. 1995
- Identity Issues in Central Asia (1994), Institute of World Politics, Washington D.C. 1994
- Russia’s Military Establishment in Transition, Institute of World Politics, Washington D.C. 1993
- Strategic and Operational Aspects of the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, International Conference on Light Infantry, Seattle, 1985
- S.-Kazakhstan Strategic Partnership: An hour-long documentary published and broadcast by VOA in several languages, 1994
- Civil-Military Relations in a Democracy: An hour-long documentary published and broadcast by VOA in several languages, 1995
- Intellectual Property Rights: A seven-part series of reports published and broadcast by VOA in several languages, 1995
- Poppies Along the Silk Road: An hour-long documentary published and broadcast by VOA in several languages, 1995
- Afghanistan- The War of the Neighbors: An hour-long documentary published by VOA and broadcast in several languages, 1996
- More than 400 reports and news analyses in English on Iran, Afghanistan and Central Asia published and broadcast by the Voice of America
- Over 450 of analytical reports (English) for VOA on political, economic and social developments in Central Asia and the Caucasus, 1993-2001
- Hundreds of Dari/Pashto articles and features were published in Afghanistan (mostly in the Military Journal) or broadcast on Radio Afghanistan between 1965 and 1978
Books and Book Chapters
- A Military History of Afghanistan from the Great Game to the Global War on Terror” University Press of Kansas, March 2017
- Countering Narcotics in Afghanistan. ”A book chapter in the Institute of National Strategic Studies (INSS) “Global Security Assessment,” National Defense University. October 2008
- Afghanistan: The Challenge of State Building. A book chapter in “Afghanistan: transition Under Threat,” Geoffrey Hayes, editor, and Mark Sedra, editor, Wilfrid Laurier University Press, August 2008
- The Future of Security Forces in Afghanistan. Book chapter in “The Future of Afghanistan,” United States Institute of Peace (USIP). January 2009
- Afghanistan: The legacy of War and the Challenge of Peace Building.2006. A book chapter in “Building a New Afghanistan,” by Robert I. Rutberg ed. edited by Brookings Institution Press and the World Peace Foundation, 2006
- Irregular Warfare of Pashtun Tribes in Fighting the Mughal Empire in 16th and 17th centuries, Kabul, February 2012
- Monograph: Afghanistan – Challenges of the Transition to Peace, Emirate Center for Strategic Studies and research(ECSSR), Abu Dhabi, December 2012
- The Challenge of Security Transition in Afghanistan – Book Chapter, Singapore National University, July 2012
- The Other Side of the Mountain, co-authored with Lester Grau, U.S. Marine Corps 1998, Barnes and Nobles 2001, Cass Publishers 2002. Several other publishers. It is an analytical review of Mujahedin war with the Soviet forces in Afghanistan from 1979 to 1989, 2002, 2011.
- Trans-national Crime and the challenge for regional cooperation – a book Chapter in “the Non-Traditional Security Challenges in Asia,” Routledge India, June 2015. The book is a collection of essays that explore how non-traditional issues can manifest as security challenges, and the role of the state and military in dealing with these
- The Challenge of Regaining Momentum in Afghanistan. A book chapter in “Asian Security” by the Institute of Defense and Strategic Analysis (IDSA), New Delhi, India, February 2009
- Afghanistan National Defense and Security Forces in Transition, USIP, Washington DC, May 2016
- Selected Literary Works of Ustad G. Jilani Jalali, Introduction and Ed. Kabul, 2005
- The Voroshilov Lectures, translated from lecture notes from the Soviet General Staff Academy and co-edited in three volumes, NDU Press, 1989, 1990, 1992
- A Historical Perspective on Iran-Afghan Relation, a chapter in the book titled “Iran and Eurasia” edited by Ali Mohammadi, Ithaca Press, London, 2000
- The Theory of Combat, Institute of Military Conflict, 1989, Participated as member of the Institute in authoring a theoretical understanding of the nature of the combat process as a basis for model and simulation development,
- The Life and Times of the Afghan Classic Warrior Khushal Khan, in Pashto, Kabul, 1978
- Studies in Afghanistan History from a Military Perspective, two volumes, MOD Press, Kabul, 1967. A detailed study of political and strategic trends in Afghanistan’s military history (1100 pages)
- War and Diplomacy, a 12 chapter book on the use of military power in international relations (450 pages). It was based on lectures I offered as professor at the Institute of Diplomacy (War College), Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kabul, 1974-1978
- Military strategy in Limited Wars, in Dari, Kabul, 1971
- Textbook on Small Units Tactics (platoon, company), in Dari, Kabul, 1968
- Textbook on larger Units Tactics (Battalion, Regiment, Division), in Dari, Kabul, 1976
- Pages of Afghan History: A collection of 150 radio programs for Radio Afghanistan, Kabul, 1969-1975
- Army Training programs for Infantry and Tank units (CPX, Field Exercise and Wargames), Kabul, 1972
- Afghan Military University, BA. Military Science. 1961
- U.S. Army Infantry Advance Course, Ft. Benning , Ga. Diploma 1964
- Higher Command and Staff Course (Regiment, Division, Army), Kabul, MA, Military Science. 1966
- British Staff College, England, PSC 1967
- Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey Ca. USA, Diploma, Defense Management, 1978
- Academy Frunze, Moscow, Military Strategy and Operational Art, 1980
- The Institute of World Politics, Washington D.C., Graduate Certificate, Comparative Politics, 1996
Jennifer Jefferis is an expert consultant for the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies. In this capacity, she develops security related programs for government and civilian leaders in Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, the Palestinian Territories, and Israel, among other places.
Dr. Jefferis is also a Teaching Professor and the Director of Curriculum at the Security Studies Program, in the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. She has a Ph.D. in Political Science from Boston University. Her academic research focuses on religion and political violence, and she is the author of three books on this topic: Hamas: Terrorism, Governance, and its Future in the Region (Praeger 2016), Religion and Political Violence: Sacred Protest in the Modern World (Routledge 2009), and Armed for Life: Anti-Abortion Politics in the United States (Praeger 2011), as well as several articles on religion and violence. Prior to coming to NESA, she was an associate professor of Security Studies at the National Defense College of the United Arab Emirates, and she served as the Associate Dean of Academics at the College of International Security Affairs at the National Defense University in Washington D.C.
She is a term member at the Council on Foreign Relations.
- Religion and Political Violence
- Levant Security
- Hamas: Governance, Terrorism and its future in Middle East Politics -Forthcoming February, 2016 Praeger.
- Armed for Life: The Army of God and Anti-Abortion Terror in the United States. 2011 Praeger
- Religion and Political Violence: Sacred Protest in the Modern World. Routledge Press. 2010
- “Overcoming Transition Type? An examination of Egypt and Tunisia.” Out for review.
- “The Battle For Narratives in the Fight Against Extremism,” July 2014. Small Wars Journal.
- “Multi-Polar Proxy Wars” 2014. International Policy Digest (April).
- “The Muslim Brotherhood,” 2014. American Council on Foreign Relations Encyclopedia of Islamism.
- “Religious Cults and Terrorism” 2012. Beacham’s Encyclopedia of Terrorism: Hostility, Conflict, and Political Aggression in the 21st Century
- “The Cell Strategy in Terrorism” 2012. Beacham’s Encyclopedia of Terrorism: Hostility, Conflict, and Political Aggression in the 21st Century.
- “Post-9/11 Nation Building: The Essential Elements” Regent Journal of International Law. 2008. 6:2, 461-478
- The Path to Salvation: Religious Violence from the Crusades to Jihad, by Heather Gregg. Review published in Journal of Religion and Violence 2014
- Global Rebellion: Religious Challenges to the Secular State, From Christian Militias to Al Qaeda, by Mark Juergensmeyer. Review published in Politics, Religion and Ideology, Summer 2011
- For God’s Sake: The Christian Right and U.S. Foreign Policy. By Lee Marsden. Published in Religious Studies Review, June 2011
- The Dynamics of Terror and the Creation of Homegrown Terrorists. Edited by Richard J. Hughbank, Anthony F. Niosi, and Juan Carlos Dumas. Review published in Journal of Strategic Studies, Fall 2010
- What the World Should be: Woodrow Wilson and the Crafting of Faith-Based Foreign Policy. By Malcom D. Magee. Review Published in Religious Studies Review, August 2009.
- Divine Justice, Divine Judgment. By Daniel Via. Published in Religious Studies Review, June 2008
- B.A. Grove City College
- Ph.D. Boston University
Prior to joining NESA in 2007, Anne Moisan concluded a military career spanning nearly three decades of public service. Retiring in 2006 as an Air Force colonel, she was a Joint Specialty Officer with extensive and progressively responsible experience in national security policy, strategy and operations. In Ms. Moisan’s final military assignment, she was Chief of Staff and Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for National Strategic Studies, during which she wrote and spoke on NATO, European, Mediterranean and Middle East security, as well as other political-military policy issues. Ms. Moisan’s earlier military career featured assignments as Assistant Director of NATO Policy within the Office of the Secretary of Defense at the Pentagon; Deputy Director of the Secretary of the Air Force’s Action Group at the Pentagon; Commander of the 317th Recruiting Squadron at Andrews AFB; and International Strategic Programs Analyst at US European Command in Stuttgart, Germany. Her military service also included eight years of international experience, encompassing two assignments in Germany as well as remote tours in Iceland and as commander of the expeditionary airbase on Diego Garcia.
Her portfolio at NESA is on Mediterranean and North Africa-Sahel Programs specifically in support of USAFRICOM and USCENTCOM Lines of Efforts focusing on transitional threats and illicit commons; radicalization and reintegration; border security and security sector modernization; Libya Track II, as well as on the evolving roles of youth and women in the region.
- National Security Policy
- Peacekeeping and Reconciliation
- Women’s Role in Security
- European and Middle Eastern Affairs
- Bensahel, N. and Moisan, A. (2007, Spring). Repairing Interagency Process. Joint Force Quarterly, 44(1), 106-109. [download]
- Moisan, A. and Moroney, J. (2006, Summer). NATO Stability Teams: The Next Stage of Capability. Joint Force Quarterly, 43(4), 64-67. [download]
- Moisan, A. and Armitage, D., (2005, November). Constabulary Forces and Post Conflict Transition: The Euro-Atlantic Dimension. Strategic Forum, 218. [download]
- M.S., National Security Strategy, National Defense University
- M.A., International Affairs, University of Oklahoma
- M.B.A., Golden Gate University
- B.S., International Economics, Georgetown University
Colonel Joshe Raetz graduated from Norwich University in 1996 and commissioned into the Army as an Infantry Officer. He first served in Korea with the storied 503d Infantry before transitioning to the Signal Corps with the 5th Special Forces Group. In 2002 he graduated from the Special Forces Qualification Course and returned to the 5th Special Forces Group where he served until 2004. 031701He transferred within the United States Army Special Operations Command where he served at the Troop and Battalion levels until 2011. From 2012 to 2014 he served as an Operations Officer and Task Force Commander assigned to Special Operations Command Central and from 2014 to 2016 he commanded the 1st Battalion, 1st Special Forces Group in Okinawa, Japan. In 2016 he was re-assigned within USASOC where he served as a Brigade Operations Officer and later commanded the 4th Battalion, 1st Capabilities Integration Group. He has commanded at tactical levels including two Special Operations battalion commands and deployed throughout the Mid East, Africa, and Asia to conduct and command operations and activities.
COL Raetz’s awards include the Bronze Star (with “V” and 2 OLC), Defense Meritorious Service Medal (1 OLC), Meritorious Service Medal (2 OLC), multiple Joint and Army commendations, Combat and Expert Infantry Badges, Senior Parachutist and Military Free Fall badges, Pathfinder and Air Assault badges, Ranger and Special Forces tabs, and numerous foreign awards and decorations.
- Irregular Warfare
- Middle East and Asia affairs
- National Security Strategy
- BA, Norwich University
- MS, U.S. Marine Corps University
Richard L. Russell is Professor of National Security Affairs at the Near East and South Asia Center for Strategic Studies. He also is Non-Resident Senior Fellow for Strategic Studies at the Center for the National Interest and Lecturer, Bush School of Government and Public Service, Texas A&M University.
Russell’s career blends scholarship with national security practice. He holds a Ph.D. in Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia. He previously held research appointments with the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia and the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy at Georgetown University. Russell taught for nearly ten years graduate courses on international security, grand strategy, and military operations for Georgetown University’s Security Studies Program. He also served for seventeen years as a political-military analyst for the Central Intelligence Agency.
Russell’s research, analysis, and teaching focuses on international relations, American foreign and defense policy, strategic studies, intelligence, weapons of mass destruction, and security in the Middle East, Europe, and Asia. He is the author of three books: Sharpening Strategic Intelligence: Why the CIA Gets It Wrong and What Needs to be Done to Get It Right (Cambridge University Press, 2007); Weapons Proliferation and War in the Greater Middle East (Routledge, 2005); and, George F. Kennan’s Strategic Thought (Praeger, 1999). Russell also has published more than forty journal and magazine articles and sixteen chapters in edited books.
- American National Security Policy
- Strategy and Military Operations
- Civil-Military Relations
- Nuclear Weapons Proliferation
- Russell, R. L. (2007). Sharpening Strategic Intelligence: Why the CIA Gets it Wrong and What Needs to be Done to Get it Right. New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Russell, R. L. (2005). Weapons Proliferation and War in the Greater Middle East. New York and London: Routledge.
- Russell, R. L. (2009). Faysal: Saudi Arabia’s King for All Seasons – by Joesph A. Kechichian. Middle East Policy, 16(2), 174.
- Russell, R. L. (2009). George Kennan: A Study in Character – by John Lukacs. Historian, 71(2), 372.
- Russell, R. L. (2009). James Jesus Angleton, the CIA, and the Craft of Counterintelligence – by Michael Holzman. Choice, 46(7), 1405.
- Russell, R. L. (2008). Enemies of Intelligence: Knowledge & Power in American National Security – by Richard K. Betts, H-Diplo, 9(15), 18.
- Russell, R. L. (2008). The Security Dilemma: Fear, Cooperation and Trust in World Politics – by Ken Booth and Nicholas J. Wheeler. Choice, 46(1), 188-189.
- Russell, R. L. (2008). The Quest for Absolute Security: The Failed Relations Among U.S. Intelligence Agencies – by Athan Theoharis. Political Science Quarterly, 123(3), 506.
- Russell, R. L. (2010). Off and Running: The Middle East Nuclear Arms Race. Joint Forces Quarterly 58.3.
- Russell, R. L. (2009). Future Gulf War: Arab and American Forces Against Iranian Capabilities. Joint Force Quarterly : JFQ, 58(3), 35-40.
- Russell, R. L. (2008). Assessing the Nuclear Threat. Harvard International Review 29.4.
- Russell, R. L. (2008, Fall). Israel’s Survival Instincts and the Dangers of Nuclear Weapons in Iranian Hands. Joint Force Quarterly, 50(3), 85-91. [download]
- Russell, R. L. (2007). Low-Pressure System: A Review Essay. The American Interest 2.6.
- Russell, R. L. (2006, November/December). Military Planning for a Middle East Stockpiled with Nuclear Weapons. Military Review, 86(4), 97-101.
- Russell, R. L. (2005, Winter). The Persian Gulf’s Collective Security Mirage. Middle East Policy, 12(4), 77-88. [download]
- Russell, R. L. (2005, September). A Weak Pillar for American National Security: The CIA’s Dismal Performance Against WMD Threats. Intelligence and National Security, 20(3), 466-485.
- Russell, R. L. (2005, September). China’s WMD Foot in the Greater Middle East’s Door. Middle East Review of International Affairs, 9(3), 108-124. [download]
- Russell, R. (2005, Spring). Iraq’s Chemical Weapons Legacy: What Others Might Learn from Saddam. The Middle East Journal, 59(2), 187-208. [download]
- Russell, R. L. (2004, Fall). Spies Like Them. The National Interest, 77, 59-62.
- Russell, R. L. (2004, Autumn). Iran in Iraq’s Shadow: Dealing with Tehran’s Nuclear Weapons Bid. Parameters, 34(3), 31-45. [download]
- Russell, R. L. (2002, Autumn). War and the Iraq Dilemma: Facing Harsh Realities. Parameters, 32(3), 46-61. [download]
- Russell, R. L. (2002, Summer). Swords and Shields: Ballistic Missiles and Defenses in the Middle East and South Asia. Orbis, 46(3).
- Russell, R. L. (2010). Competitive Analysis: Techniques for Better Gauging Enemy Political Intentions and Military Capabilities. In Loch K. Johnson (Ed.), The Oxford University Handbook of National Security Intelligence. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Russell, R. L. (2007). Achieving All-Source Fusion in the Intelligence Community. in L. Johnson (Ed.), Handbook of Intelligence Studies. London and New York: Routledge.
- Russell, R. L. (2007). CIA’s Strategic Intelligence in Iraq. in L. Johnson and J. Wirtz (Eds.), Intelligence and National Security: The Secret World of Spies, (pp. 65-92). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Russell, R. L. (2007). The Intelligence War Against Global Terrorism. in L. Johnson (Ed.), Strategic Intelligence: Counterintelligence and Counterterrorism – Defending the Nation Against Hostile Forces. Westport: Praeger Security International.
- Russell, R. L. (2006). Saudi Arabia’s Conundrum and the al-Qaeda Insurgency. in A. Aldis and G. P. Herd(Eds.) The Ideological War on Terror: Worldwide Strategies for Counter-Terrorism. New York and London: Routledge.
- Russell, R. L. (2005). The Weakest Link: Intelligence for Pre-emptive and Preventive Military Action. in A. McIvor (Ed.), Rethinking the Principles of War, (pp. 207-224). Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.
- Russell, R. L. (2005). Arab Security Responses to a Nuclear-Ready Iran. in H. Sokolski and P. Clawson (Eds.), Getting Ready for a Nuclear-Ready Iran, (pp. 23-50). Carlisle: US Army War College Press. [download]
- Russell, R. L. (2004). Tug of War: The CIA’s Uneasy Relationship with the Military. In R. George and R. Kline (Eds.), Intelligence and the National Security Strategist: Enduring Issues & Challenges. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press.
Op-Eds and Commentaries
- Russell, R. L. (2010, May 13). Working Toward Peace, Letter to the Editor. The Economist.
- Russell, R. L. (2007, November). Intelligence. Commentary Magazine, 124(4), 18.
- Russell, R. L. (2007, September/October). Missing Intelligence. Foreign Affairs, 86(5), 162.
- Russell, R. L. (2007, August 11). Higher Risks [Letter to the editor]. The Economist, 384(8541).
- Russell, R. L. (2006, January 25). Oil for Missiles: Our Friends the Saudis Make Friends with the Chinese. The Wall Street Journal, p. A12.
- Russell, R. L. (2005, November 15). Saudi Arabia’s Insurgency in Waiting. Foreign Policy, web-only. [download]
- Russell, R. L. (2004, July 14). Don’t Count on NATO in Iraq. The National Interest, 3(28). [download]
- Russell, R. L. (2004, July 07). Coalition Warfare in Iraq: Then and Now. The National Interest, 3(27). [download]
- Russell, R. L. (2004, February 03). Time to Vet CIA Spies: Directorate of Operations Needs Reform. The Washington Times.
- Russell, R. L. (2004, January 05). Saudi Nukes: A Looming Intelligence Failure. The Washington Times.
- Russell, R. L. (2010, September). Military Options: Useless or Indispensable?” in J. Krause (Ed.) The Strategic Implications of the Iranian Nuclear Problem. Berlin, Germany: Aspen Institute, 93-112.
- Russell, R. L. (2007). Iran’s Nuclear Program: Security Implications for the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf Region. Emirates Lecture Series, no. 70. Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, 2007.
- Ph.D. Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia
- M.A. International Affairs, American University
- B.A. Economics, cum laude, Union Colleg
Michael Sharnoff is Associate Professor at the National Defense University’s Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies. Prior to joining NESA, he served as Associate Professor of Middle East Studies and Director of Regional Studies at the Daniel Morgan Graduate School of National Security. While at DMGS, Dr. Sharnoff taught graduate courses on the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Arab Spring uprisings, and radical Islamist movements.
Prior to joining DMGS, Dr. Sharnoff worked at policy centers in Washington and has lectured for the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management (DISAM) at Wright-Patterson AFB. He publishes frequently on the Middle East and his articles have appeared in Foreign Policy Research Institute, Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, The Washington Post, The Washington Times, Huffington Post, An Nahar, and Al Arabiya. He is the founder of Sharnoff’s Global Views, an op-ed forum on foreign affairs.
He holds a Ph.D. in Middle East Studies from King’s College, London, and is the author of Nasser’s Peace: Egypt’s Response to the 1967 War with Israel (Routledge, 2017)
- The history and politics of Egypt and the Levant
- The Arab-Israeli conflict
- Radical Islamist movements
- Nasser’s Peace: Egypt’s Response to the 1967 War with Israel (Routledge, 2017)
Journals and Magazines:
- “Inconsistent Policies for the Arab Uprising,” inFOCUS Quarterly, Fall 2012.
- “Can Palestinian Third Parties Make A Difference?” Palestine-Israel Journal (Vol. 18 No. 2 & 3, 2012).
- “Defining the Enemy as Israel, Zionist, Neo-Nazi or Jewish: The Propaganda War under Nasser’s Egypt, 1952-1967,” Vidal Sassoon Center International Center for the Study of Antisemitism, February 2012.
- “Nasser’s Arab Rivals: 1958-1967,” Institute for Security and Defense Analysis, Middle East Observer (Issue 2, Vol. 4, 2011).
- “The Syrian-Soviet Alliance,” inFOCUS Quarterly (Vol. III, No. 1, Spring 2009).
- “Russia and the U.S. have Common Interests in Syria. But it may not Matter,” Washington Post, July 9, 2018.
- “Why Russia will Prevail in Syria,” Washington Post, February 27, 2018.
- “Iran has Driven Israel and the Gulf Arab States Together,” Washington Post, January 3, 2018.
- “The Pervasiveness of anti-Semitism in Jordanian Media,” E-Notes, Foreign Policy Research Institute, September 2017.
- “A Humiliated Arab World Turns to Islamism,” The Jewish Chronicle, June 6, 2017.
- “Nasser’s Legacy on the 50th Anniversary of the 1967 War,” BESA Center Perspectives Paper No. 472, May 21, 2017.
- “Arab Decline and Iran’s Rising Influence,” Your Middle East, January 31, 2016.
- “Egyptian attitudes toward the Yemen war,” Your Middle East, April 17, 2015.
- “White House Needs to Support Egypt and Jordan with a Consistent Anti-Terrorism Strategy,” Huffington Post, March 10, 2015.
- “Anticipate Greater Jordanian Role in the West Bank,” Your Middle East, July 4, 2013.
- “Palestinian Attitudes toward Israel,” E-Notes: Middle East Media Monitor, Foreign Policy Research Institute, May 2012.
- “Reexamining the Arab Peace Initiative,” Huffington Post, January 24, 2012.
- “Post-Mubarak Egyptian Attitudes toward Israel,” E-Notes: Middle East Media Monitor, Foreign Policy Research Institute, October 2011.
- “Looking Back: Nasser’s Inter-Arab Rivalries: 1958-1967,” al Arabiya, July 2011.
- “Revisiting Nasser and Palestine after the 1967 War,” al Arabiya, June 2011.
- Oroub El-Abed, Unprotected: Palestinians in Egypt since 1948 (Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 2009). Association for the Study of the Middle East and Africa Book Review, May 18, 2010.
- Ph.D., Middle East Studies, King’s College, London
- M.A., Middle Eastern History, Tel Aviv University
- B.A., History, College of Charleston
Brianne Todd is an Assistant Professor of Central Asian Studies at the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies, where her areas of expertise include transnational threats and regional security issues in Central Asia, Russia, and the Caucasus. Before joining the NESA Center in January 2010, she worked at the Center for Political-Military Analysis at the Hudson Institute, where she analyzed U.S. and foreign defense, intelligence, and homeland security and counterterrorism policies; and the Eurasian Strategy Project, where she focused on Eurasian political and security issues. Additionally, she previously worked for the U.S. Department of State in Washington, DC, where she was awarded the Franklin Award (2004), and the U.S. Embassy in Moscow, Russia (2003).
In addition to developing and facilitating the NESA Center’s programs in and with the countries of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan), Professor Todd is a regular lecturer for the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management (DISAM) at Wright-Patterson AFB, the US Air Force Special Operations School at Hurlburt Field, and the Leader Development and Education for Sustained Peace Program (LDESP).
Professor Todd holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science, Russian Language & Literature, and Russian & East European Studies from the University of Notre Dame (2004, cum laude) and a Master of Arts degree in Eurasian, Russian & East European Studies from the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University (2009). She is currently completing her doctorate (Ph.D.) in the School of International Relations at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.
- Transnational Threats
- Central Asian Regional Security
- M.A., Eurasian, Russian & Eastern European Studies, Georgetown University
- B.A., Political Science, University of Notre Dame
Richard Wiersema recently was on the faculty of the National Defense College of the United Arab Emirates in Abu Dhabi as an assistant professor and planning advisor. He retired from the United States Army after thirty years of service, where his last duty was as Director of the Joint Advanced Warfighting School at the National Defense University. His military experience includes service in Iraq, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Turkey and Bosnia-Herzegovina.
- Professional Military Education
- Senior Leader Development
- Strategy and Planning
- Decision Making
- B.A., College of William & Mary
- M.S., School of Advanced Military Studies
- M.A., Army War College