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A Look into the Origins of Russian Strategic Culture

CSAG STRATEGY PAPER By: LTC Jussi Puustinen, FIN A (CSAG/CCJ5) 11 July 2023   Overview: Russia’s worldview is shaped by its strategic culture. Certain periods in history have a significant meaning in forming its strategic culture. These periods have influenced how Russians think about strong leaders, why autocracy is seen as a better option over Read More >

The Hardest ‘Soft’ Approach on the Yemeni Crisis: An Opportunity to Retake the Initiative in the Middle East

CSAG STRATEGY PAPER By: MAJ Mihai-Florin GIRBOAN, ROU Army (CSAG/CCJ5) 29 June 2023   Overview: Armed conflicts, across human history, brought unquantifiable loss of fortune, lives, and cultural diversity, effectively stalling, nullifying, or even reversing civilization progress, in countless occasions.  This paper aims to clear the “fog of war” that is covering Yemen and the Read More >

The Soviet-sounding New Foreign Policy of Russia

CSAG STRATEGY PAPER By: CDR Hubert MRÓZ, POL NAVY (CSAG/CCJ5) 22 June 2023   Overview: On March 31, President Putin announced an updated concept of Russian foreign policy. The previous document has been in effect since November 30, 2016. The Russian government is adapting its foreign policy assumptions to the changed situation due to the ongoing Read More >

CENTCOM Smart Power in The Middle East

CSAG STRATEGY PAPER By: LTC Hany Mohamed, EGY ARMY (CSAG/CCJ5) 12 May 2023   Overview: This year USCENTCOM celebrates the 40th anniversary of its establishment; one of its significant tasks is to achieve and enhance security and stability within its area of responsibility (AOR). USCENTCOM AOR includes 21 countries. The Middle East (ME) region is Read More >

CSAG Strategy Paper: The Red Sea – Neglected Nexus

CSAG STRATEGY PAPER By: CDR Hubert Mróz, POL (CSAG/CCJ5) and MAJ Essa Almansoori, UAE (CSAG/CCJ5) 14 April  2023   Overview: The strategic importance of the Red Sea basin, together with the Suez Canal, is obvious. Nevertheless, there are reasons to believe that the Red Sea region is a neglected nexus by the US, but not Read More >

Türkiye’s Role in the USCENTCOM AOR

CSAG STRATEGY PAPER By: LTC Jussi Puustinen, FIN Army, CSAG CCJ5 06 March  2023   Overview: Türkiye has quite a unique position in many perspectives e.g., geographically, geopolitically and geoeconomically. It lies at the intersection of Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia (and Africa) with ties to all of them; it has a land Read More >

The Role of Regional Powers in the Contemporary Complex Geo-Political Environment

CSAG STRATEGY PAPER By: LTC Kashif Ehtisham, Pakistan Army, CSAG CCJ5 24 February 2023   Overview: Since the late 20th century, the term ‘regional power’ in international relations has been used for a sovereign state that exercises significant power within a given geographical region. There is a broad consensus that a necessary condition for regional Read More >

The Prospect of Cooperation and Integration Among Central Asian States

CSAG STRATEGY PAPER By: LTC Taewon Choi, ROK Army, CSAG CCJ5 13 January 2023   Overview: In recent years, regional cooperation has been promoted in Central Asia, and the trend of regionalization and regionalism is emerging. Regionalization can be described as a spontaneous bottom-up process. In contrast, regionalism is defined as the political will (hence Read More >

Weaponizing the Belt and Road Initiative

CSAG STRATEGY PAPER By: LCDR Stipe Skelin, Croatian Navy (CSAG/CCJ5), CDR Hubert Mróz, Polish Navy (CSAG/CCJ5), and MAJ Ibrahim Elveren, Turkish Army (CSAG/CCJ5) 12 December 2022   Overview: In October 2012, Professor Wang Jisi was the first Chinese scholar to speak about the need for China to revitalize the three Silk Roads to Southeast Asia, Read More >

The Future of Saudi-Turkish Bilateral Relations

CSAG STRATEGY PAPER By: COL Humoud Alradaan, KWT MOD, Action Officer, CSAG CCJ5 28 October 2022   Overview: Saudi Arabia possesses deep-rooted historical and cultural ties with Türkiye. The history of diplomatic relations dates to 1929, following the signing of the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between the two countries. Bilateral relations have been strengthened Read More >